Wood carving is a traditional Chinese, craft with a very long history, originating in the Neolithic period. As a type of sculpture, wood carving has a long history and a strong ethnic colour, with the craft characteristics of simple shapes, smooth cuts and clear lines. At the same time, as Chinese civilisation developed, traditional wood carving techniques evolved and progressed, presenting different artistic forms and cultural connotations in different periods, civilisations and dynasties, and gradually forming different styles and genres. Nowadays, with the continuous development of industrialisation, the art of wood carving is becoming increasingly difficult to preserve and pass on, and the urgency of inheritance and conservation has greatly increased. How to make traditional wood carving techniques a success, how to achieve the integration of traditional techniques with modern society, and how to explore new developments in the art of wood carving in the new era are all important issues worthy of consideration.